To answer that, we should examine the types of small-scale societies in which nearly all of our evolution has occurred. When we do so, we find that these hunter gatherer and tribal societies have, throughout the world, historically practiced polygamy. Although most men in these societies strive for polygamy, however, only a minority can achieve it, because maintaining a large family requires an often prohibitively high degree of wealth and status.
Further, because it is generally difficult to store and hoard wealth in small-scale societies, even men who do achieve polygamy can usually afford no more than two or three wives. It wasn't until the emergence of large-scale agricultural civilization, a few thousand years ago, that wealth- hoarding became possible and powerful men began accumulating large harems of hundreds or thousands of women. So once the ecological constraints on polygamy were lifted, high status men began accumulating many more wives than they had in small-scale societies.
Polyandrous marriages in fact tend to be initiated by the co-husbands, who are nearly always brothers, for economic and reproductive reasons e. Many Western men, who might imagine that providing sexual services for multiple spouses would be a nice responsibility, will be surprised to learn that polyandrously-married women tend to find it onerous. I'll answer this question in my next post. Neat article. I think I know the answer to the question you posed at the end, but I'll keep schtum for now. To anyone who doesn't see how polygyny falls naturally out of human nature, here's a simple thought experiment:.
Lined up are ten men and across from them are ten women. It's time for them to hook up with each other. Ideal outcome: All of the men and all of the women get to pair up just as they wanted. Everybody's happy. Nobody is left heartbroken and alone. Actual outcome: The men and women vary in attractiveness, and do not match up equally. George McStud is tall, handsome, charming, and oozes confidence, whereas Dilbert McNerd is scrawny, timid, and creepy.
Islam and Polygamy
The rest of the men lie somewhere in between. The women may range from Milla Jovovich on one end, to Tubbs Tattsyrup on the other. Technically, all that the ten women need from George is a few minutes of thrusting followed by a grunt, and his manly seed has done its job: ten knocked up women who, all else being equal, will all be unavailable for other men as mates because they'll be busy for the next three or four years nursing their studly children probably in George's harem.
Milla, on the other hand, does not benefit by sleeping with more than one man. Only one man can impregnate her. Once Milla gets knocked up, the other nine guys have to mark her off the list; she'll be busy with someone else's kid George's for the next three or four years. But: George isn't necessarily out of the race. There are now ten guys competing for nine girls. Then George, the rogue, gets another girl knocked up, and that's eight girls left. And as usual PUA theorists don't deny it don't bother to explain how come the majority of male population is not George McStud after millenias of such a harsh selection.
A man with much wealth, and the women willing, A man can chose many wives for many needs with many different traits. He may chose one wife the most attractive to have children with. Since these men can support a large family, they are able to see past mere beauty and give each women depending on their strenghs a place in the marriage. I don't understand why such logic should apply to men only.
Women can also choose one man for his physical attractiveness and sexual abilities to provide her with sexual pleasure and another one, nerdier, for organizing, etc.
The answer is in the intentions of the individual and the drive derived from ones gender, mental state and physical health. Men and women are completely different and are not equal Not to say that either is not important equally. Women don't have as much influence in either plural marriage setting based on historical research. Even in polyandry the woman has a main husband who dictates to her and the other men.
If the three hottest girls in the example are already with George McStud, they all share his resources. The fourth girl might now choose for the second hottest guy in return for a hundred percent of his resources. Not the top genes, but a lot more economic power. Another, second, factor: 'lesser' men banding together against the alpha to redistribute the girls. Pretty much how we have monogamous societies now. Wouldn't we otherwise see all the women with the number one guy of the world. I am a woman and felt quite offended when I read you saying that women find it onerous to have sex with multiple men whereas men find it pleasing to have sex with multiple women.
Men generally can't have sex after they orgasm or at least they have to wait some time, whereas women can orgasm various times and they still desire more sex. This fact supports the argument that women, naturally, are more promiscuous and are more prone to polygamous relationship with many men. It almost seems that in your article you are implying that women are less sexual than men.
I think such way of thinking is derived from the fact that society didn't respect women's sexuality and their sexual desires for a long time. Even judging from my personal experience, there were very few men who were more sexual than me as a woman. However, your point about higher possibility to have more children in one-man-many-women setting does make sense, even though I think that polygamous society makes much more sense, where both females and males can have sex with many various partners.
We also should keep in mind that society and technology influence us in the way that it is not necessary anymore to have many children -- quite on the contrary, the planet is overpopulated. This changes our psychology as well as possibly instincts.
How many children have you had? If you aren't rearing any offspring, then your theories of reproduction based on personal experience are valueless. However, when I write my opinion on this topic I am trying to be objective and don't regard my experience as ultimate because, you're right, it's personal.
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For example, in my previous comment, the point about women' s sexual desire not wearing off after orgasm and consequent ability to orgasm in succession is an objective fact not only derived from my personal experience. Your comment doesn't really make sense anyway because the article in the first place is not backed up by any research, it is only a theory and therefore is not scientific. However, another research Harvard, by Sarah Hrdy shows that women might be as polygamous as men. In this study they also reveal a biological reason for women to want many sex partners: for example, in animal world female species can guarantee more protection for their kids by mating with many males, "tricking" all the males they mated with into believe the kids are theirs.
Furthermore, Darwin's theory fitted nicely into British middle class society at the time but not as much with Tahitian and pre-European Native American societies in which the entire community cared for children, and both women and men were polygamous. Research also says that those women were more orgasmic than those of the modern society in our contemporary society approx. I think these few data are a good sign that there's something not working well in terms of how society treats women's sexuality in our society.
But most important, how can it be natural that one gender is polygamous and the other is not?
Why Two in One Flesh? The Western Case for Monogamy over Polygamy |
Islam tolerates polygamy; however, it has placed various conditions for it that, in practice, are very difficult to observe. These are as follows:. Observance of complete justice and equality among each family in every way without any favoritism. This verse gives permission for polygamy on the condition that there is no likelihood of refraining to observe fairness and justice, which is rather unfeasible and very hard to attain. A man who has more than one wife is obligated to observe equality, justice, and fairness among his wives in the amount, type, and quality of nafaqah , sexual enjoyment and intercourse, and even in mannerism.
It is the duty of polygamous men to behave comparably in all events, even if their wives are different in age, beauty, character, social status, and other virtues and perfections. It is clear that completely adhering to justice and fairness is quite challenging and few men can be sure about their ability to shoulder such heavy responsibilities whereas the Quran makes it quite clear that if they doubt their ability to behave equally and justly with their wives, they should suffice themselves with one wife. Consequently, polygamy in Islam is a very onerous and high-liability undertaking, something that most men are not competent enough to accomplish.
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View View. Table of Contents. Islam and Polygamy. There are two reasons for this: First, the fatalities of men, especially young men, exceed fatalities of girls and women. Conditions for Polygamy Islam tolerates polygamy; however, it has placed various conditions for it that, in practice, are very difficult to observe.
These are as follows: 1. Possession of sufficient financial resources to provide all expenses of each family 2. Physical prowess for completely satisfying the sexual desires of each wife 3. Observance of complete justice and equality among each family in every way without any favoritism Allah, the Almighty has declared in the Quran Prophet Joseph F.
Smith, Journal of Discourses, Vol. This was also his first polyandrous marriage, as Lucinda was already married to a devout LDS member and leader, George Washington Harris.
The practice spread slowly at first. By June , when Joseph died, approximately 29 men and 50 women had entered into plural marriage, in addition to Joseph and his wives who had nearly twice as many wives as all other men combined. When the Saints entered the Salt Lake Valley in , at least men and women had entered into plural marriages. Nevertheless, rumors spread. John C. This is another area of the essay that is clearly dishonest when they refer to "carefully worded denials.
Remember, this essay was approved by the First Presidency and Apostles.
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